Cool Filed Lawsuits images

Check out these filed lawsuits images:

Herbert C. Bonner Bridge, North Carolina Highway 12, Outer Banks, North Carolina
filed lawsuits
Image by Ken Lund
Oregon Inlet is spanned by North Carolina Route 12 over the Herbert C. Bonner Bridge, a 2.7-mile (4.3 km) bridge built in 1963.

Prior to the building of the bridge, Hatteras Island was only accessible by air or ferry. Ferries could carry a maximum of 2,000 people per day. The ferries cost the state

Herbert C. Bonner Bridge, North Carolina Highway 12, Outer Banks, North Carolina
filed lawsuits
Image by Ken Lund
Oregon Inlet is spanned by North Carolina Route 12 over the Herbert C. Bonner Bridge, a 2.7-mile (4.3 km) bridge built in 1963.

Prior to the building of the bridge, Hatteras Island was only accessible by air or ferry. Ferries could carry a maximum of 2,000 people per day. The ferries cost the state .5 million per year to operate, and there were very long lines waiting for the ferries during peak season.

The environmental impact on the bridge and road was not fully understood at the time of construction, and now constant beach erosion, severe weather and high volume of traffic continually forces the state to protect the integrity of the road system. As much as million was spent between 1987 and 1999 to repair and protect the Bonner Bridge and NC 12 from the ocean. The bridge was due for replacement by the early 1990s but construction on the new bridge has been continually held back by environmental lawsuits brought by the Southern Environmental Law Council.

The Bonner Bridge was expected to have a thirty-year lifespan. The bridge handles about 2 million cars per year, and the state DOT ranks it a 4 on a scale of 1 to 100, with 100 being the safest.

The Federal Highway Administration has approved the plan to replace the bridge over Oregon Inlet that connects with Pea Island and lies within the Cape Hatteras National Seashore. The final alignment of the bridge has not yet been determined. Once a final alignment is chosen, construction of the new bridge, which will be longer and curve farther inland, will begin. It will cost approximately .3 billion and should by completed by 2014, although it is likely to be later. On July 26, 2011 NCDOT awarded a 5.8 million contract to replace the bridge. In September 2013 the last of the legal obstacles were handled after a judge ruled in favor of the new bridge to be constructed. Construction was set to begin in early 2013 but was halted once again after an appeal was filed by the SELC. The new bridge should open to traffic in spring 2015 and the majority of the existing bridge will be demolished by 2016 (a portion will remain as a fishing pier).

On December 3, 2013, NCDOT closed the bridge due to immediate safety concerns. Routine sonar scanning of the bridge identified scouring concerns, or areas where too much sand has eroded from the support structure of the bridge. After sand was dredged to support some of its pilings, the bridge reopened to traffic on December 15, 2013.

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oregon_Inlet

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Text_of_Creative_Commons_…

.5 million per year to operate, and there were very long lines waiting for the ferries during peak season.

The environmental impact on the bridge and road was not fully understood at the time of construction, and now constant beach erosion, severe weather and high volume of traffic continually forces the state to protect the integrity of the road system. As much as million was spent between 1987 and 1999 to repair and protect the Bonner Bridge and NC 12 from the ocean. The bridge was due for replacement by the early 1990s but construction on the new bridge has been continually held back by environmental lawsuits brought by the Southern Environmental Law Council.

The Bonner Bridge was expected to have a thirty-year lifespan. The bridge handles about 2 million cars per year, and the state DOT ranks it a 4 on a scale of 1 to 100, with 100 being the safest.

The Federal Highway Administration has approved the plan to replace the bridge over Oregon Inlet that connects with Pea Island and lies within the Cape Hatteras National Seashore. The final alignment of the bridge has not yet been determined. Once a final alignment is chosen, construction of the new bridge, which will be longer and curve farther inland, will begin. It will cost approximately .3 billion and should by completed by 2014, although it is likely to be later. On July 26, 2011 NCDOT awarded a 5.8 million contract to replace the bridge. In September 2013 the last of the legal obstacles were handled after a judge ruled in favor of the new bridge to be constructed. Construction was set to begin in early 2013 but was halted once again after an appeal was filed by the SELC. The new bridge should open to traffic in spring 2015 and the majority of the existing bridge will be demolished by 2016 (a portion will remain as a fishing pier).

On December 3, 2013, NCDOT closed the bridge due to immediate safety concerns. Routine sonar scanning of the bridge identified scouring concerns, or areas where too much sand has eroded from the support structure of the bridge. After sand was dredged to support some of its pilings, the bridge reopened to traffic on December 15, 2013.

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oregon_Inlet

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Text_of_Creative_Commons_…

Cool Filed Lawsuits images

A few nice filed lawsuits images I found:

Operation Frogger 8
filed lawsuits
Image by Anonymous9000
Close up of the small Belgian, French and Australian Flags on top of the international Anonymous flag showing solidarity with these countries which have current criminal investigations and/or court cases pending against scientology.

December 5, 2009 was the 23nd consecutive month of peaceful global protests against the scientology cult. Several cities around the world chose Dec 5th as it is the 14th anniversary of Lisa McPherson’s www.lisamcpherson.org/ death in scientology care at The Fort Harrison hotel in Clearwater.

Clearwater went with an Operation Frogger theme to ridicule the cult’s top Clearwater OSA doofus Peter "Peetie" Mansell, who eyewitnesses said almost ran over an Anonymous protester walking down the sidewalk last month. The witnesses said had another Anon not yelled out a warning and the Anon jumped back, she would have been hit by Mansell. A police report was filed, witness statements were taken and a picture of the offending cult-owned fleet Honda’s license place was turned over as evidence. These cult fleet vehicles are easy to spot with their Florda license plates all begin with the letter X.

Since last month’s protest Senator Xenophon of Australia addressed The Australian Parliment calling scientology a "criminal organization" and requesting a parlimentary investigation.
www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2009/11/18/2745765.htm
www.guardian.co.uk/world/2009/nov/18/scientology-torture-…
www.heraldsun.com.au/news/senator-nick-xeneophon-brands-s…
The vote on that is scheduled for February 2010, but in the mean time Australian police are investigating the allegations.
www.theage.com.au/national/police-investigate-scientology…

The entirety of Senator Xenophon’s epic speech to The Australian Parliment can be seen on youtube:
Part 1: www.youtube.com/watch?v=lpKxzWNdONM&feature=related
Part 2: www.youtube.com/watch?v=vk5O302kHNM&feature=related

Additionally, on Nov 25th a lawsuit filed in Los Angeles Superior Court by ex-scientologist John Lindstein claims scientology enslaved him as a child and alleges human trafficking amongst other charges, naming cult leader David Miscavige, and two cult corporate entities as defendants.
Courthouse news story: www.courthousenews.com/2009/12/01/Man_Says_Scientologists…
A copy of the actual complaint can be seen here: www.scribd.com/doc/23175190/Complaint-filed112509

All faces of those unmasked are blurred to protect them from the cult’s "Fair Game" policy of harassing it’s critics. These are brave people of all ages and walks of life, standing shoulder to shoulder with ex-Scientologists to bring the truth TO YOU.

But don’t take my word for it, educate yourself about what TIME Magazine called "The Cult of Greed and Power":
www.whyweprotest.net
www.xenu.net
www.exscientologykids.com

Cool Filing Lawsuits images

Check out these filing lawsuits images:

Operation Frogger 84
filing lawsuits
Image by Anonymous9000
Messages of LULZ and support to the Australian Anons and their Senator Xenophon, intergalactic badass.

December 5, 2009 was the 23nd consecutive month of peaceful global protests against the scientology cult. Several cities around the world chose Dec 5th as it is the 14th anniversary of Lisa McPherson’s www.lisamcpherson.org/ death in scientology care at The Fort Harrison hotel in Clearwater.

Clearwater went with an Operation Frogger theme to ridicule the cult’s top Clearwater OSA doofus Peter "Peetie" Mansell, who eyewitnesses said almost ran over an Anonymous protester walking down the sidewalk last month. The witnesses said had another Anon not yelled out a warning and the Anon jumped back, she would have been hit by Mansell. A police report was filed, witness statements were taken and a picture of the offending cult-owned fleet Honda’s license place was turned over as evidence. These cult fleet vehicles are easy to spot with their Florda license plates all begin with the letter X.

Since last month’s protest Senator Xenophon of Australia addressed The Australian Parliment calling scientology a "criminal organization" and requesting a parlimentary investigation.
www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2009/11/18/2745765.htm
www.guardian.co.uk/world/2009/nov/18/scientology-torture-…
www.heraldsun.com.au/news/senator-nick-xeneophon-brands-s…
The vote on that is scheduled for February 2010, but in the mean time Australian police are investigating the allegations.
www.theage.com.au/national/police-investigate-scientology…

The entirety of Senator Xenophon’s epic speech to The Australian Parliment can be seen on youtube:
Part 1: www.youtube.com/watch?v=lpKxzWNdONM&feature=related
Part 2: www.youtube.com/watch?v=vk5O302kHNM&feature=related

Additionally, on Nov 25th a lawsuit filed in Los Angeles Superior Court by ex-scientologist John Lindstein claims scientology enslaved him as a child and alleges human trafficking amongst other charges, naming cult leader David Miscavige, and two cult corporate entities as defendants.
Courthouse news story: www.courthousenews.com/2009/12/01/Man_Says_Scientologists…
A copy of the actual complaint can be seen here: www.scribd.com/doc/23175190/Complaint-filed112509

All faces of those unmasked are blurred to protect them from the cult’s "Fair Game" policy of harassing it’s critics. These are brave people of all ages and walks of life, standing shoulder to shoulder with ex-Scientologists to bring the truth TO YOU.

But don’t take my word for it, educate yourself about what TIME Magazine called "The Cult of Greed and Power":
www.whyweprotest.net
www.xenu.net
www.exscientologykids.com

Saturday Is Always A Day Of Protests In Dublin
filing lawsuits
Image by infomatique
Every so often a group of protesters, wearing the Guy Fawkes masks popularized by the comic book and film V for Vendetta, gather on Abbey Street, they usually they display a number of banners and posters such as those shown in my photographs. I believe that these protesters are members of Anonymous (if in fact that organization does have members).

Currently there are a number of disputes relating to the Church of Scientology’s efforts to suppress material critical of Scientology on the Internet through the use of lawsuits and legal threats.In late 1994, the Church of Scientology began using various legal tactics to stop distribution of unpublished documents written by L. Ron Hubbard. The Church of Scientology is often accused of barratry (or malicious litigation and intimidation) through the filing of SLAPP suits. The official church response is that its litigious nature is solely to protect its copyrighted works and the unpublished status of certain documents.

Various critics of the Church of Scientology argue that the church is a scam and that these secretive writings are proof, or that the documents contain evidence that the Church of Scientology’s medical practices are illegal and fraudulent.

Parti Gras 329
filing lawsuits
Image by Anonymous9000
Parti Gras ’09 on February 21st in Clearwater, Florida. Enturbulation of Cult security doofus successful. Their cute little outfits consisting of a white shirt with khaki pants and tons of unnecessary belt accessories make them easy to spot. This particular fat, balding Hispanic doofus is very camera shy.

As part of the 13th straight month of protests in over 50 cities around the world, Anonymous marched in what the scientology CULT calls it’s "Mecca". With a free concert downtown, many locals were drawn to the area and public support was overwhelming. Many LULZ were had and many Parti Gras beads with small fliers attached were given

Last week the mother of Kyle Brennan filed a wrongful death lawsuit against the cult and three of it’s members, one being the sister of the cult leader, David Miscavige. Kyle wasn’t a scientologist, but unfortunately for him his father was and Kyle died in Clearwater.

Front page newspaper article: www.tampabay.com/news/article976561.ece

Horrific PDF of court filing: www.tampabay.com/specials/2009/PDFs/Scientology.pdf

All faces of those unmasked are blurred to protect them from the cult’s "Fair Game" policy of harassing it’s critics. These are brave people of all ages and walks of life, standing shoulder to shoulder with ex-Scientologists to bring the truth TO YOU.

But don’t take my word for it, educate yourself about what TIME Magazine called "The Cult of Greed and Power":
www.whyweprotest.net
www.xenu.net
www.exscientologykids.com

Cool Filing Lawsuits images

Some cool filing lawsuits images:

JESI414
filing lawsuits
Image by BROOKE MCKINNEY PHOTOGRAPHY
These images have a copyright on them. You may download them and post them as long as you do not edit them , as long as you give credit to the photographer (Brooke Mckinney Photography), and as long as you do not print them, sale them, or make any financial gain off of them . Also, do not under any circumstances try to take credit for them or we do reserve the right to file a lawsuit.

JORDAN602
filing lawsuits
Image by BROOKE MCKINNEY PHOTOGRAPHY
DO NOT REMOVE FRAME FROM THIS PICTURE OR EDIT IT IN ANY WAY. SEE LISENCE AGREEMENT at creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.0/
PLEASE READ:These images have a copyright on them. You may download them and post them as long as you do not edit them , as long as you give credit to the photographer (Brooke Mckinney Photography), and as long as you do not sale them or make any financial gain off of them . Also, do not under any circumstances try to take credit for them or we do reserve the right to file a lawsuit.

Operation Frogger 87
filing lawsuits
Image by Anonymous9000
Placing flowers at the back of the Fort Harrison where Lisa McPherson was held for her final days. That folding display features the St. Pete Times front page article from this summer that detailed her tragic death at the hands of scientology.

December 5, 2009 was the 23nd consecutive month of peaceful global protests against the scientology cult. Several cities around the world chose Dec 5th as it is the 14th anniversary of Lisa McPherson’s www.lisamcpherson.org/ death in scientology care at The Fort Harrison hotel in Clearwater.

Clearwater went with an Operation Frogger theme to ridicule the cult’s top Clearwater OSA doofus Peter "Peetie" Mansell, who eyewitnesses said almost ran over an Anonymous protester walking down the sidewalk last month. The witnesses said had another Anon not yelled out a warning and the Anon jumped back, she would have been hit by Mansell. A police report was filed, witness statements were taken and a picture of the offending cult-owned fleet Honda’s license place was turned over as evidence. These cult fleet vehicles are easy to spot with their Florda license plates all begin with the letter X.

Since last month’s protest Senator Xenophon of Australia addressed The Australian Parliment calling scientology a "criminal organization" and requesting a parlimentary investigation.
www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2009/11/18/2745765.htm
www.guardian.co.uk/world/2009/nov/18/scientology-torture-…
www.heraldsun.com.au/news/senator-nick-xeneophon-brands-s…
The vote on that is scheduled for February 2010, but in the mean time Australian police are investigating the allegations.
www.theage.com.au/national/police-investigate-scientology…

The entirety of Senator Xenophon’s epic speech to The Australian Parliment can be seen on youtube:
Part 1: www.youtube.com/watch?v=lpKxzWNdONM&feature=related
Part 2: www.youtube.com/watch?v=vk5O302kHNM&feature=related

Additionally, on Nov 25th a lawsuit filed in Los Angeles Superior Court by ex-scientologist John Lindstein claims scientology enslaved him as a child and alleges human trafficking amongst other charges, naming cult leader David Miscavige, and two cult corporate entities as defendants.
Courthouse news story: www.courthousenews.com/2009/12/01/Man_Says_Scientologists…
A copy of the actual complaint can be seen here: www.scribd.com/doc/23175190/Complaint-filed112509

All faces of those unmasked are blurred to protect them from the cult’s "Fair Game" policy of harassing it’s critics. These are brave people of all ages and walks of life, standing shoulder to shoulder with ex-Scientologists to bring the truth TO YOU.

But don’t take my word for it, educate yourself about what TIME Magazine called "The Cult of Greed and Power":
www.whyweprotest.net
www.xenu.net
www.exscientologykids.com

Cool Filing Lawsuits images

Check out these filing lawsuits images:

JESI437
filing lawsuits
Image by BROOKE MCKINNEY PHOTOGRAPHY
These images have a copyright on them. You may download them and post them as long as you do not edit them , as long as you give credit to the photographer (Brooke Mckinney Photography), and as long as you do not print them, sale them, or make any financial gain off of them . Also, do not under any circumstances try to take credit for them or we do reserve the right to file a lawsuit.

The Reason For the Season
filing lawsuits
Image by andrewtoskin
CC-BY-SA. Reposts and remixes of this work should attribute Niccolo Florence, and link to curefornightmares.com

Images composited in GIMP. The full-size JPEG is here on Flickr. You can get the complete source files and exported JPEG and PNG images from the Internet Archive.

Images based on work by others:

* the image of Megyn Kelly is copyright Fox News, but claimed as Fair Use.
* Anti-G8 Irish guy VS riot squad_MMV — by andronicusmax
* Smashing Pumpkins — by Jaysin Trevino
* Map of USA — by MissMJ
* pumpkin carving 011 — by Rachel Tayse

Here’s the original comic script:

Page 1 of 1.

Panel 1: Picture of the Fox News anchor, Megyn Kelly, ranting.

TITLE AND BYLINE
The Reason For the Season
curefornightmares.com

MEGYN KELLY
Brace yourselves: Secular left-wing liberals and atheists
are at it again…

Panel 2: We’re looking at a map of the USA. There are “thumbtacks” with
jack-o’-lantern faces marking several of the largest cities. — see
nation.foxnews.com/2013/12/25/war-christmas

MEGYN KELLY
(o.p.)
Once again this holiday season, the right to celebrate Halloween
is under attack. Click the icons on the map to see where the
latest challenges to religious freedom are taking place.

Panel 3: A smashed pumpkin, lying in the street.

MEGYN KELLY
(o.p.)
You know what they’re trying to do, don’t you? The PC Police are
trying to take the “hallow” out of Halloween!

Panel 4: Elementary school teacher carving pumpkins — at home — with
his kids.

MEGYN KELLY
(o.p.)
George Sanderson, an elementary school teacher in San Francisco,
talks about wanting to make jack-o’-lanterns with his students,
unaware of the storm he was unleashing.

Like other left-wing anti-Halloween groups in recent years, the
ACLU opened a lawsuit against Sanderson and the school district.
And a judge sentenced Sanderson to life in prison without parole.

Panel 5: One man stands, alone, against a line of police bristling with
riot gear.

MEGYN KELLY
(o.p.)
I tell you, it won’t be long before you aren’t allowed to perform
the Samhain rites and pray to Hecate even in the privacy of your
own ringfort.

END.

Cool Just Filed Lawsuits images

Check out these just filed lawsuits images:

James Dyson
just filed lawsuits
Image by Eva Rinaldi Celebrity and Live Music Photographer
Sir James Dyson puts on Dyson product launch with a difference: Sydney, Australia…

Sir James Dyson, the British billionaire industrial designer (not to be confused with Tony Stark from Iron Man – Marvel Comics fame) who invented the dual cyclone bagless vacuum cleaner, has just finished hosting his fabulous launch event at the Sydney Theatre Co Ltd, Pier 4.

It’s understood he took a fair swipe at "competitor) robot vacuums as "pathetic" with poor suction and no navigating skills. Yes, the others suck – but not in a good way.

A lot of the (product) attention was on his latest product, a tap that can also dry your hands in about 12 seconds. Dyson, who rocketed his company to nearly 4000 staff and .5 billion in annual sales, advised he would only launch a robot vacuum when he got it right.

New product snapshot – the Dyson hybrid dryer-tap…

Robot models launched in Australia recently include the 9 Robomaid, LG’s Roboking range (9-49) and Samsung’s 9 Navibot. Dyson didn’t name and shame but was dismissive of the current lot, criticising their navigation and efficiency which meant they offered poor battery performance and cleaning ability.

"They’ve got whiskers sticking out of them – whiskers don’t clean anything they just disturb the birds," he told Fairfax Media.

"It’s a difficult job and I’m not rushing out a gimmick robot to pretend to people we’re cleaning the floor, we’re not doing that we’re doing it properly."

Robomaid is one of the robot vacuums on the market.

Despite coming up with his vacuum cleaner breakthrough in the late 1970s, it only reached the British market 10 years later, and Dyson is now a global market leader. A third of British homes now have a Dyson.

The company has also launched other innovations such as bladeless fans and an "Airblade" hand dryer that uses jets of air to scrape the water off the hands. The same sort of technology but with a far more advanced motor ("three times faster than any electric motor has gone before") powers the new hybrid dryer-taps.

Dyson has wrestled for years to prevent companies copying his designs, winning a million damages award from Hoover in 2000. Now, the main offenders are out of Asia and Dyson thinks intellectual property protection is weaker because people are getting away with copying.

"Koreans and the Chinese are copying things and I think it’s very bad," he said. "It’s said by certain people that that increases competition, actually it decreases competition because all they’re doing is copying the market leader."

He said the copycat companies could produce cheaper products because they haven’t incurred all the development costs and associated risks.

"It’s morally wrong, I think it’s legally wrong and I think it hurts the consumers because the consumer doesn’t get a choice," he said. "Intellectual property should be supported better; the law should be made stronger."

In October last year Dyson filed a lawsuit alleging a "spy" employee stole the blueprints to a £100 million (9.7 million) technology and passed them to rival Bosch.

Dyson said western countries such as Australia and Britain need to focus on educating more scientists and engineers, as they are increasingly being overtaken by countries in Asia.

"40 per cent of all graduates from Singapore are engineers," he said. "For Britain, Australia, the US and other European countries to compete in any way they’ve got to heavily arm themselves with technology."

Classy event in Sydney…

It wasn’t a cheap and nasty event, as is too often the case with product launches. Dyson impressed with wit, goodwill and loads of great food and drinks, which looked and tasted 5 star. It was a great vibe and news media was treated with respect, friendliness and delicious treats. How could we not share the story and photos far and wide across media and internet – which was no doubt another masterstroke by the colourful billionaire and his brains trust. If you have the budget – Dysons’ are well worth a close look.

Websites

Dyson Australia
www.dyson.com.au

Eva Rinaldi Photography
www.evarinaldi.com

Hispanic Heritage Month Observance
just filed lawsuits
Image by U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
Mendez family championed end of educational segregation in California

LOS ANGELES — With the theme “many backgrounds, many stories,” the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Los Angeles District closed out Hispanic Heritage Month Oct. 13 at the District headquarters by hearing a first-hand account of a historic journey.

Sylvia Mendez was just 8 years old in 1943 when she and her brothers were denied enrollment in the Westminster School District in Orange County. At the time, roughly 80 percent of California school districts were segregated.

Sylvia’s father, Gonzalo, tried reasoning with the principal, the school board and finally the school district, to no-avail. He and other parents organized protests demanding an end to the segregation, ultimately filing the lawsuit.

They won their case in 1946, but the school district appealed. On April 14, 1947 the U.S. 9th Circuit Court of Appeals upheld the decision and California Governor Earl Warren signed a law repealing the state’s remaining school segregation statutes on June 14, 1947.

“Mendez v. Westminster School District was the precedent for Brown v. Board of Education,” said Mendez. “Seven years before the rest of the nation, California was integrated.”

The Brown v. Board of Education case in 1954 does not mention the Mendez case, but it is no coincidence that two of the key players in both cases were Warren, by then Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court, and Thurgood Marshall, the chief counsel for the NAACP in both cases.

“As she became very sick, my mother would say, ‘nobody knows about this case and that California was the first state to be integrated, seven years before the rest of the nation’ and that’s when I promised my mother I would go around the country and talk about Mendez v. Westminster,” said Mendez.

Her mother, Felicitas, died in 1998 and Mendez has kept her promise, championing the family’s story.

Mendez’s passion has been recognized in California and around the country. Two public schools are currently named after her parents. In 2007, a U.S. Postage stamp marked the 60th anniversary of the case and on Feb. 15, 2011, President Barack Obama presented Mendez with the Presidential Medal of Freedom. With it, she once again joins Warren and Marshall.

“I talk to our folks a lot about passion in what they are doing; I see the passion in your eyes in what you are doing,” said District Commander Col. Mark Toy. “If we could all do that, it would be amazing.”

(USACE photo by Richard Rivera)

Cool Just Filed Lawsuits images

Check out these just filed lawsuits images:

Roddy McDowall, Richard Burton, Cleopatra (1963)
just filed lawsuits
Image by classic_film
Synopsis, via IMDb:
Historical epic. The triumphs and tragedy of the Egyptian queen, Cleopatra.

The lengthy Egyptian/Roman historic/romantic/war epic had it all: lavish scenery (long before CGI effects were in use), gorgeous costumes (Irene Sharaff won an Oscar for designing Elizabeth Taylor’s film wardrobe), and a huge cast, which included Taylor as the title character (February 27, 1932 – March 23, 2011), Rex Harrison (March 5, 1908 – June 2, 1990), Richard Burton (November 10, 1925 – August 5, 1984), Martin Landau (b. June 20, 1928), Roddy McDowall (September 17, 1928 – October 3, 1998), Hume Cronyn (July 18, 1911 – June 15, 2003), Kenneth Haigh (b. March 25, 1931), George Cole (April 22, 1925 – August 5, 2015), Andrew Keir (April 3, 1926 – October 5, 1997), Isabel Cooley (July 20, 1924 – January 3, 2000), Cesare Danova (March 1, 1926 – March 19, 1992), and many others. Academy Award-winning dance director Hermes Pan did the choreography.

There has been much debate as to where this Twentieth Century-Fox film stands/stood as a box office blockbuster or a financial bust — while "Cleopatra" cost more at that time than any other Hollywood film had (some sources say it cost million to produce, others say or million), it eventually recouped its expenses. It was the top-grossing film of 1963, but because it cost so much to produce (partially because so many extras were used on location and because production had to be shut down for six months due to Taylor’s near-death illness), "Cleopatra" was in the red for several years.

Rex Harrison won the National Board of Review award for his performance as Julius Caesar and was nominated for a Best Actor Oscar. The film was nominated for nine Oscars and of those, won four. The press went wild over the scandalous love affair that developed during filming between co-stars Taylor and Burton.

More "Cleopatra" film trivia, via IMDb:
Joseph L. Mankiewicz hoped that the film would be released as two separate pictures, "Caesar and Cleopatra" followed by "Antony and Cleopatra." Each was to run approximately three hours. 20th Century-Fox decided against this, and released the film we know today. It runs just over four hours. It is hoped that the missing two hours will be located and that one day a six-hour ‘director’s cut’ will be available.
 
During the early filming at Pinewood Studios, the harsh weather conditions of the English winter brought on pneumonia for the fragile Elizabeth Taylor. After a day at the set in which she had to be carried on and off because she was so weak, Taylor eventually collapsed in her hotel room at the Dorchester. The private doctor of Queen Elizabeth II was summoned to her hotel room. According to Taylor, he apparently shook her violently like a rag doll and pounded on her rib cage, provoking no consciousness within her. She was given an hour to live and was said to be in a coma. An emergency tracheotomy was performed successfully at the hospital and Taylor slowly recovered (the scar can be seen in different scenes of the film). Her presence was required for almost every scene, so production closed down. Director Rouben Mamoulian finally resigned on January 3, 1961. He was followed by Peter Finch and Stephen Boyd, who had to honor prior commitments. Filming proceeded a few months later, this time in Rome’s hot climate.
 
With the scandal surrounding the affair between Burton and Taylor, scant attention was paid to Rex Harrison. He got the last laugh when he became the only one of the film’s three stars to receive an Oscar nomination for his performance. While filming the sea battle in Iscua, a producer invited Burton and Taylor for lunch on his yacht and placed hidden cameras in their room, in the hope of capturing and then selling pictures of them kissing. Taylor spotted the cameras immediately and Burton had to be restrained from attacking the host.
 
During the scene in which Cleopatra makes her entrance into Rome, Taylor’s life had been threatened, after the Vatican had denounced her scandalous relationship with Burton, by the thousands of Roman Catholics that were the extras. Soldiers packing guns lined the streets with barriers and cables to try and prevent an assassination. As Taylor came through the arch, the crowd broke through the barriers and cables all at once. But as Elizabeth and the film crew feared for her life, she realized that they were shouting "Boccia Liz! Boccia Liz!," declaring their love for the actress. Instead of remaining in the highly strung character of Cleopatra, Taylor began to cry and thank the crowd as she blew kisses. The scene had to be re-shot because of this.
 
In Anzio, while building the Alexandria set, a few construction workers were killed by an unexploded mine left over from World War II.
 
Taylor’s contract stipulated that her million-dollar salary be paid out as follows: 5,000 for 16 weeks work plus ,000 a week afterwards plus 10% of the gross (with no break-even point). When the film was restarted in Rome in 1961, she had earned well over million. After a lengthy million lawsuit brought against Taylor and Richard Burton by 20th Century Fox in 1963 and a countersuit filed by Taylor, the studio finally settled with the actress in 1966. Her ultimate take for the film was million.
 
When the film was cut from six hours to four, 49 pages of re-shoots were required to make sense of the changes.
 
In the four-hour version, Cleopatra takes Appolodorus as her occasional lover, but these scenes were eliminated in the 194-minute version. Joseph L. Mankiewicz originally wanted black actor James Edwards as Apollodorus and encouraged the actor to physically get in shape for the role. Unfortunately Fox executives were not comfortable with the relationship between him and Cleopatra, so he was replaced by Cesare Danova.
 
Richard Burton and Roddy McDowall took supporting roles in Fox’s "The Longest Day" (1962) purely to relieve the boredom of this film’s production.
 
At the time, all Italian films were dubbed in post-production. Carpenters constantly hammered on the set during filming. Joseph L. Mankiewicz spent hours trying to make it clear to the Italian crew that silence was required on set at all times.
 
Cleopatra’s barge alone cost about million in today’s dollars.
 
Joan Collins, Brigitte Bardot, Jennifer Jones, Gina Lollobrigida, Sophia Loren, Shirley MacLaine, Dolores Michaels, Marilyn Monroe, Kim Novak, Sue Parker, Millie Perkins, Barbara Steele, Joanne Woodward, and Dana Wynter were considered to play Cleopatra. Yul Brynner, Cary Grant, Curd Jürgens, Fredric March, Noël Coward, John Gielgud, and Peter Sellers were considered for Julius Caesar.
 
The film is widely regarded as one of the biggest flops of all time. It was actually one of the highest grossing films of the 1960s. Once it opened, it was was sold out for the next four months. In 1966, ABC-TV paid 20th Century-Fox a record million for two showings of the film, a deal that put the film in the black.
 
The budget for Elizabeth Taylor’s costumes, 4,800, was the highest ever for a single screen actor. Her 65 costumes included a dress made from 24-carat gold cloth.
 
A group of female extras who played Cleopatra’s servants and slave girls went on strike to demand protection from amorous Italian male extras. The studio eventually hired a special guard to protect the female extras.
 
The Roman forum built at Cinecitta was three times the size of the real thing.
 
According to Rex Harrison’s autobiography, Twentieth Century-Fox custom-made his Julius Caesar boots while Richard Burton’s boots were hand-me-downs from the previous attempt at making the film. Harrison was amazed that Burton did not complain.
 
After long days of shooting, Joseph L. Mankiewicz would retire to his private rooms to do rewrites. He initially begged for time off to do a proper rewrite, but Twentieth Century Fox was so deeply in debt that they couldn’t allow for yet another delay in production. Mankiewicz resorted to daily injections to keep him going during the day, and different ones at night to help him sleep.
 

************
Fair Use Doctrine; if you use this photo, please provide attribution credit; not for commercial use (see Creative Commons license).

Roddy McDowall, Cleopatra (1963)
just filed lawsuits
Image by classic_film
Synopsis, via IMDb:
Historical epic. The triumphs and tragedy of the Egyptian queen, Cleopatra.

The lengthy Egyptian/Roman historic/romantic/war epic had it all: lavish scenery (long before CGI effects were in use), gorgeous costumes (Irene Sharaff won an Oscar for designing Elizabeth Taylor’s film wardrobe), and a huge cast, which included Taylor as the title character (February 27, 1932 – March 23, 2011), Rex Harrison (March 5, 1908 – June 2, 1990), Richard Burton (November 10, 1925 – August 5, 1984), Martin Landau (b. June 20, 1928), Roddy McDowall (September 17, 1928 – October 3, 1998), Hume Cronyn (July 18, 1911 – June 15, 2003), Kenneth Haigh (b. March 25, 1931), George Cole (April 22, 1925 – August 5, 2015), Andrew Keir (April 3, 1926 – October 5, 1997), Isabel Cooley (July 20, 1924 – January 3, 2000), Cesare Danova (March 1, 1926 – March 19, 1992), and many others. Academy Award-winning dance director Hermes Pan did the choreography.

There has been much debate as to where this Twentieth Century-Fox film stands/stood as a box office blockbuster or a financial bust — while "Cleopatra" cost more at that time than any other Hollywood film had (some sources say it cost million to produce, others say or million), it eventually recouped its expenses. It was the top-grossing film of 1963, but because it cost so much to produce (partially because so many extras were used on location and because production had to be shut down for six months due to Taylor’s near-death illness), "Cleopatra" was in the red for several years.

Rex Harrison won the National Board of Review award for his performance as Julius Caesar and was nominated for a Best Actor Oscar. The film was nominated for nine Oscars and of those, won four. The press went wild over the scandalous love affair that developed during filming between co-stars Taylor and Burton.

More "Cleopatra" film trivia, via IMDb:
Joseph L. Mankiewicz hoped that the film would be released as two separate pictures, "Caesar and Cleopatra" followed by "Antony and Cleopatra." Each was to run approximately three hours. 20th Century-Fox decided against this, and released the film we know today. It runs just over four hours. It is hoped that the missing two hours will be located and that one day a six-hour ‘director’s cut’ will be available.
 
During the early filming at Pinewood Studios, the harsh weather conditions of the English winter brought on pneumonia for the fragile Elizabeth Taylor. After a day at the set in which she had to be carried on and off because she was so weak, Taylor eventually collapsed in her hotel room at the Dorchester. The private doctor of Queen Elizabeth II was summoned to her hotel room. According to Taylor, he apparently shook her violently like a rag doll and pounded on her rib cage, provoking no consciousness within her. She was given an hour to live and was said to be in a coma. An emergency tracheotomy was performed successfully at the hospital and Taylor slowly recovered (the scar can be seen in different scenes of the film). Her presence was required for almost every scene, so production closed down. Director Rouben Mamoulian finally resigned on January 3, 1961. He was followed by Peter Finch and Stephen Boyd, who had to honor prior commitments. Filming proceeded a few months later, this time in Rome’s hot climate.
 
With the scandal surrounding the affair between Burton and Taylor, scant attention was paid to Rex Harrison. He got the last laugh when he became the only one of the film’s three stars to receive an Oscar nomination for his performance. While filming the sea battle in Iscua, a producer invited Burton and Taylor for lunch on his yacht and placed hidden cameras in their room, in the hope of capturing and then selling pictures of them kissing. Taylor spotted the cameras immediately and Burton had to be restrained from attacking the host.
 
During the scene in which Cleopatra makes her entrance into Rome, Taylor’s life had been threatened, after the Vatican had denounced her scandalous relationship with Burton, by the thousands of Roman Catholics that were the extras. Soldiers packing guns lined the streets with barriers and cables to try and prevent an assassination. As Taylor came through the arch, the crowd broke through the barriers and cables all at once. But as Elizabeth and the film crew feared for her life, she realized that they were shouting "Boccia Liz! Boccia Liz!," declaring their love for the actress. Instead of remaining in the highly strung character of Cleopatra, Taylor began to cry and thank the crowd as she blew kisses. The scene had to be re-shot because of this.
 
In Anzio, while building the Alexandria set, a few construction workers were killed by an unexploded mine left over from World War II.
 
Taylor’s contract stipulated that her million-dollar salary be paid out as follows: 5,000 for 16 weeks work plus ,000 a week afterwards plus 10% of the gross (with no break-even point). When the film was restarted in Rome in 1961, she had earned well over million. After a lengthy million lawsuit brought against Taylor and Richard Burton by 20th Century Fox in 1963 and a countersuit filed by Taylor, the studio finally settled with the actress in 1966. Her ultimate take for the film was million.
 
When the film was cut from six hours to four, 49 pages of re-shoots were required to make sense of the changes.
 
In the four-hour version, Cleopatra takes Appolodorus as her occasional lover, but these scenes were eliminated in the 194-minute version. Joseph L. Mankiewicz originally wanted black actor James Edwards as Apollodorus and encouraged the actor to physically get in shape for the role. Unfortunately Fox executives were not comfortable with the relationship between him and Cleopatra, so he was replaced by Cesare Danova.
 
Richard Burton and Roddy McDowall took supporting roles in Fox’s "The Longest Day" (1962) purely to relieve the boredom of this film’s production.
 
At the time, all Italian films were dubbed in post-production. Carpenters constantly hammered on the set during filming. Joseph L. Mankiewicz spent hours trying to make it clear to the Italian crew that silence was required on set at all times.
 
Cleopatra’s barge alone cost about million in today’s dollars.
 
Joan Collins, Brigitte Bardot, Jennifer Jones, Gina Lollobrigida, Sophia Loren, Shirley MacLaine, Dolores Michaels, Marilyn Monroe, Kim Novak, Sue Parker, Millie Perkins, Barbara Steele, Joanne Woodward, and Dana Wynter were considered to play Cleopatra. Yul Brynner, Cary Grant, Curd Jürgens, Fredric March, Noël Coward, John Gielgud, and Peter Sellers were considered for Julius Caesar.
 
The film is widely regarded as one of the biggest flops of all time. It was actually one of the highest grossing films of the 1960s. Once it opened, it was was sold out for the next four months. In 1966, ABC-TV paid 20th Century-Fox a record million for two showings of the film, a deal that put the film in the black.
 
The budget for Elizabeth Taylor’s costumes, 4,800, was the highest ever for a single screen actor. Her 65 costumes included a dress made from 24-carat gold cloth.
 
A group of female extras who played Cleopatra’s servants and slave girls went on strike to demand protection from amorous Italian male extras. The studio eventually hired a special guard to protect the female extras.
 
The Roman forum built at Cinecitta was three times the size of the real thing.
 
According to Rex Harrison’s autobiography, Twentieth Century-Fox custom-made his Julius Caesar boots while Richard Burton’s boots were hand-me-downs from the previous attempt at making the film. Harrison was amazed that Burton did not complain.
 
After long days of shooting, Joseph L. Mankiewicz would retire to his private rooms to do rewrites. He initially begged for time off to do a proper rewrite, but Twentieth Century Fox was so deeply in debt that they couldn’t allow for yet another delay in production. Mankiewicz resorted to daily injections to keep him going during the day, and different ones at night to help him sleep.
 

************
Fair Use Doctrine; if you use this photo, please provide attribution credit; not for commercial use (see Creative Commons license).

Martin Landau, Richard Burton, Cleopatra (1963)
just filed lawsuits
Image by classic_film
Synopsis, via IMDb:
Historical epic. The triumphs and tragedy of the Egyptian queen, Cleopatra.

The lengthy Egyptian/Roman historic/romantic/war epic had it all: lavish scenery (long before CGI effects were in use), gorgeous costumes (Irene Sharaff won an Oscar for designing Elizabeth Taylor’s film wardrobe), and a huge cast, which included Taylor as the title character (February 27, 1932 – March 23, 2011), Rex Harrison (March 5, 1908 – June 2, 1990), Richard Burton (November 10, 1925 – August 5, 1984), Martin Landau (b. June 20, 1928), Roddy McDowall (September 17, 1928 – October 3, 1998), Hume Cronyn (July 18, 1911 – June 15, 2003), Kenneth Haigh (b. March 25, 1931), George Cole (April 22, 1925 – August 5, 2015), Andrew Keir (April 3, 1926 – October 5, 1997), Isabel Cooley (July 20, 1924 – January 3, 2000), Cesare Danova (March 1, 1926 – March 19, 1992), and many others. Academy Award-winning dance director Hermes Pan did the choreography.

There has been much debate as to where this Twentieth Century-Fox film stands/stood as a box office blockbuster or a financial bust — while "Cleopatra" cost more at that time than any other Hollywood film had (some sources say it cost million to produce, others say or million), it eventually recouped its expenses. It was the top-grossing film of 1963, but because it cost so much to produce (partially because so many extras were used on location and because production had to be shut down for six months due to Taylor’s near-death illness), "Cleopatra" was in the red for several years.

Rex Harrison won the National Board of Review award for his performance as Julius Caesar and was nominated for a Best Actor Oscar. The film was nominated for nine Oscars and of those, won four. The press went wild over the scandalous love affair that developed during filming between co-stars Taylor and Burton.

More "Cleopatra" film trivia, via IMDb:
Joseph L. Mankiewicz hoped that the film would be released as two separate pictures, "Caesar and Cleopatra" followed by "Antony and Cleopatra." Each was to run approximately three hours. 20th Century-Fox decided against this, and released the film we know today. It runs just over four hours. It is hoped that the missing two hours will be located and that one day a six-hour ‘director’s cut’ will be available.
 
During the early filming at Pinewood Studios, the harsh weather conditions of the English winter brought on pneumonia for the fragile Elizabeth Taylor. After a day at the set in which she had to be carried on and off because she was so weak, Taylor eventually collapsed in her hotel room at the Dorchester. The private doctor of Queen Elizabeth II was summoned to her hotel room. According to Taylor, he apparently shook her violently like a rag doll and pounded on her rib cage, provoking no consciousness within her. She was given an hour to live and was said to be in a coma. An emergency tracheotomy was performed successfully at the hospital and Taylor slowly recovered (the scar can be seen in different scenes of the film). Her presence was required for almost every scene, so production closed down. Director Rouben Mamoulian finally resigned on January 3, 1961. He was followed by Peter Finch and Stephen Boyd, who had to honor prior commitments. Filming proceeded a few months later, this time in Rome’s hot climate.
 
With the scandal surrounding the affair between Burton and Taylor, scant attention was paid to Rex Harrison. He got the last laugh when he became the only one of the film’s three stars to receive an Oscar nomination for his performance. While filming the sea battle in Iscua, a producer invited Burton and Taylor for lunch on his yacht and placed hidden cameras in their room, in the hope of capturing and then selling pictures of them kissing. Taylor spotted the cameras immediately and Burton had to be restrained from attacking the host.
 
During the scene in which Cleopatra makes her entrance into Rome, Taylor’s life had been threatened, after the Vatican had denounced her scandalous relationship with Burton, by the thousands of Roman Catholics that were the extras. Soldiers packing guns lined the streets with barriers and cables to try and prevent an assassination. As Taylor came through the arch, the crowd broke through the barriers and cables all at once. But as Elizabeth and the film crew feared for her life, she realized that they were shouting "Boccia Liz! Boccia Liz!," declaring their love for the actress. Instead of remaining in the highly strung character of Cleopatra, Taylor began to cry and thank the crowd as she blew kisses. The scene had to be re-shot because of this.
 
In Anzio, while building the Alexandria set, a few construction workers were killed by an unexploded mine left over from World War II.
 
Taylor’s contract stipulated that her million-dollar salary be paid out as follows: 5,000 for 16 weeks work plus ,000 a week afterwards plus 10% of the gross (with no break-even point). When the film was restarted in Rome in 1961, she had earned well over million. After a lengthy million lawsuit brought against Taylor and Richard Burton by 20th Century Fox in 1963 and a countersuit filed by Taylor, the studio finally settled with the actress in 1966. Her ultimate take for the film was million.
 
When the film was cut from six hours to four, 49 pages of re-shoots were required to make sense of the changes.
 
In the four-hour version, Cleopatra takes Appolodorus as her occasional lover, but these scenes were eliminated in the 194-minute version. Joseph L. Mankiewicz originally wanted black actor James Edwards as Apollodorus and encouraged the actor to physically get in shape for the role. Unfortunately Fox executives were not comfortable with the relationship between him and Cleopatra, so he was replaced by Cesare Danova.
 
Richard Burton and Roddy McDowall took supporting roles in Fox’s "The Longest Day" (1962) purely to relieve the boredom of this film’s production.
 
At the time, all Italian films were dubbed in post-production. Carpenters constantly hammered on the set during filming. Joseph L. Mankiewicz spent hours trying to make it clear to the Italian crew that silence was required on set at all times.
 
Cleopatra’s barge alone cost about million in today’s dollars.
 
Joan Collins, Brigitte Bardot, Jennifer Jones, Gina Lollobrigida, Sophia Loren, Shirley MacLaine, Dolores Michaels, Marilyn Monroe, Kim Novak, Sue Parker, Millie Perkins, Barbara Steele, Joanne Woodward, and Dana Wynter were considered to play Cleopatra. Yul Brynner, Cary Grant, Curd Jürgens, Fredric March, Noël Coward, John Gielgud, and Peter Sellers were considered for Julius Caesar.
 
The film is widely regarded as one of the biggest flops of all time. It was actually one of the highest grossing films of the 1960s. Once it opened, it was was sold out for the next four months. In 1966, ABC-TV paid 20th Century-Fox a record million for two showings of the film, a deal that put the film in the black.
 
The budget for Elizabeth Taylor’s costumes, 4,800, was the highest ever for a single screen actor. Her 65 costumes included a dress made from 24-carat gold cloth.
 
A group of female extras who played Cleopatra’s servants and slave girls went on strike to demand protection from amorous Italian male extras. The studio eventually hired a special guard to protect the female extras.
 
The Roman forum built at Cinecitta was three times the size of the real thing.
 
According to Rex Harrison’s autobiography, Twentieth Century-Fox custom-made his Julius Caesar boots while Richard Burton’s boots were hand-me-downs from the previous attempt at making the film. Harrison was amazed that Burton did not complain.
 
After long days of shooting, Joseph L. Mankiewicz would retire to his private rooms to do rewrites. He initially begged for time off to do a proper rewrite, but Twentieth Century Fox was so deeply in debt that they couldn’t allow for yet another delay in production. Mankiewicz resorted to daily injections to keep him going during the day, and different ones at night to help him sleep.
 

************
Fair Use Doctrine; if you use this photo, please provide attribution credit; not for commercial use (see Creative Commons license).

Cool Just Filed images

A few nice just filed images I found:

The Morning Bells
just filed
Image by mattsantomarco
The Maroon Bells in Aspen, Colorado.

Could you believe that I was the only person here to see this in person? I couldn’t either! At the Maroon Bells no less! Last time I was here was for the fall colors and there was at least three dozen other photographers squeezed in between one another. It was just me, my gear and a heck of a view. And even better I had some great clouds that morning which produced some stellar drama and color in the sky. The Maroon Bells during its prime fall colors can’t be beat, but I thought this summer shot provided a slightly different atmosphere than you typically see from the area.

SHOT DETAILS:
3 shot exposure blend of (-2) and (0) brackets including a tone mapped file. Various curves adjustments, white balance tweaks and sharpening.

Blog: Maroon Bells Sunrise
Facebook Fan Page

Cool Filed Lawsuits images

Check out these filed lawsuits images:

Operation Frogger 57
filed lawsuits
Image by Anonymous9000
The epic Frogger cake in all it’s glory.

December 5, 2009 was the 23nd consecutive month of peaceful global protests against the scientology cult. Several cities around the world chose Dec 5th as it is the 14th anniversary of Lisa McPherson’s www.lisamcpherson.org/ death in scientology care at The Fort Harrison hotel in Clearwater.

Clearwater went with an Operation Frogger theme to ridicule the cult’s top Clearwater OSA doofus Peter "Peetie" Mansell, who eyewitnesses said almost ran over an Anonymous protester walking down the sidewalk last month. The witnesses said had another Anon not yelled out a warning and the Anon jumped back, she would have been hit by Mansell. A police report was filed, witness statements were taken and a picture of the offending cult-owned fleet Honda’s license place was turned over as evidence. These cult fleet vehicles are easy to spot with their Florda license plates all begin with the letter X.

Since last month’s protest Senator Xenophon of Australia addressed The Australian Parliment calling scientology a "criminal organization" and requesting a parlimentary investigation.
www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2009/11/18/2745765.htm
www.guardian.co.uk/world/2009/nov/18/scientology-torture-…
www.heraldsun.com.au/news/senator-nick-xeneophon-brands-s…
The vote on that is scheduled for February 2010, but in the mean time Australian police are investigating the allegations.
www.theage.com.au/national/police-investigate-scientology…

The entirety of Senator Xenophon’s epic speech to The Australian Parliment can be seen on youtube:
Part 1: www.youtube.com/watch?v=lpKxzWNdONM&feature=related
Part 2: www.youtube.com/watch?v=vk5O302kHNM&feature=related

Additionally, on Nov 25th a lawsuit filed in Los Angeles Superior Court by ex-scientologist John Lindstein claims scientology enslaved him as a child and alleges human trafficking amongst other charges, naming cult leader David Miscavige, and two cult corporate entities as defendants.
Courthouse news story: www.courthousenews.com/2009/12/01/Man_Says_Scientologists…
A copy of the actual complaint can be seen here: www.scribd.com/doc/23175190/Complaint-filed112509

All faces of those unmasked are blurred to protect them from the cult’s "Fair Game" policy of harassing it’s critics. These are brave people of all ages and walks of life, standing shoulder to shoulder with ex-Scientologists to bring the truth TO YOU.

But don’t take my word for it, educate yourself about what TIME Magazine called "The Cult of Greed and Power":
www.whyweprotest.net
www.xenu.net
www.exscientologykids.com

Forest Haven
filed lawsuits
Image by Jack Parrott
FH was a children’s developmental center and mental institution in Laurel, Maryland.

It was notorious for its poor conditions and abuse of patients. It opened its doors in 1925, and was shut down in 1991 by a federal court. There have since been numerous civil and class-action lawsuits involving patients and employees

During the early years, it was considered a state of the art facility. With a good reputation, this hospital set the standard for other states to follow. With declining conditions decades later, many patients filed lawsuits against the hospital for reasons of abuse, neglect, poor living conditions — even medical testing. A small morgue was all that stood between the patients and a cemetery on site where graves had been repeatedly uncovered by erosion.

Cool Filed Lawsuit images

Check out these filed lawsuit images:

George Cleeve statue (Founder of Portland, Maine – 1633) – detail
filed lawsuit
Image by origamidon
Eastern Prom Trail, Portland, Maine USA • Carved into the base: George Cleeve // b. 1586 Somersetshire, England. d. by 1671 Portland (Falmouth), Maine. He relied on persuasion by words not the sword. // Deputy Pres. of Lygonia 1647-1658. // Founder of Portland, Maine 1633.

This statue is modeled after one of Portland’s founders, George Cleeve, and it stands along the Eastern Waterfront. The statue happens to be standing on land belong to Portland Yacht Services, a business that is owned by a descendent of Cleeve. … this statue caused some controversy back when it was offered to the city in 2002. It was not accepted by the city due to the possibility that Cleeve had owned slaves. So despite not being a piece of public art and being located on private land, when the Portland Yacht Services is open during the day you can stop in for a glimpse of the statue that they found a place for. – From the website of Portland Daily Photo.

A statue of the founder of Portland, Maine, will go up after all, despite protests from city officials and others that the man is unworthy of memorializing because he may have owned a slave nearly 400 years ago, reports the Portland Press Herald.

But instead of going on city property, the seven-foot likeness of George Cleeve will go on private property owned by a descendant of the man who settled Portland around 1633. Initially, the ,000 statue — donated to the city by a private group [the George Cleeve Association; and commissioned and donated to the association by John Threlfall of Madison, Wisconsin, a Cleeve descendant.] — was to be installed at the Maine State Pier, but officials changed their mind when word leaked that Cleeve had a servant named Oliver Weeks who may have been a slave. Credible evidence that Weeks was black or a slave never surfaced.

The city’s Public Art Committee said the city should "respectfully decline" the statue because, in part, it wanted to avoid offending African-Americans who have long been excluded from Eurocentric, white-male accounts of U.S. history. – From a report in 1962.

• Some more history: Born in 1586, Cleeve arrived on the coast of Maine in 1630. He settled first in Cape Elizabeth, then known as Spurwink, with his wife, Joan, and daughter, Elizabeth. He immediately formed a partnership with Richard Tucker, who was already there when Cleeve arrived. Confusion over land title forced Cleeve and Tucker to leave Cape Elizabeth in 1633 and resettle on the nearby peninsula that is now Portland. Cleeve built a house at Clay Cove, between what would become India Street and the Casco Bay ferry terminal. The two men went back to England in 1636 and returned with the title to Machigonne Point. The area became Casco in the 1640s and was absorbed by the larger Falmouth land grant in 1658.

Little is known about Tucker. One letter from the era describes him as Cleeve’s servant before he moved in 1646 to Portsmouth and later became a selectman, according to the "Genealogical Dictionary of Maine and New Hampshire." More is known about Cleeve, in large part because he headed the regional government assembly for a time. He also regularly used the colonial court system, filing numerous deeds and lawsuits and eventually serving as a court officer.

Cleeve lived in Falmouth for the rest of his life, until he died around 1666, impoverished and still waging court battles. His descendants, who call themselves Cleevies, trace their heritage through the centuries to Cleeve’s daughter and son-in-law, Michael Mitton, who had five daughters and one son.

Cleeve and Tucker already have a monument, a 17-foot-tall granite obelisk erected in 1883 on the Eastern Promenade, at the beginning of Congress Street. But Cleeve Association members say the obelisk isn’t enough because it fails to reflect Cleeve’s era. They say their ancestor should be recognized as the sole founder of Portland because he stayed on and became the first political leader of the region. – From Portland Press Herald Writer Kelley Bouchard, January 14, 2002.

2010
filed lawsuit
Image by PreserveWA
Constructed in 1933, the Green Mountain Fire Lookout in the Glacier Peak National Wilderness Area is a rare example of a fire lookout remaining in its original location. In 2010, with support from local advocates, the United States Forest Service (USFS) completed a comprehensive rehabilitation of the lookout, addressing needed structural deficiencies. Following the rehabilitation, Wilderness Watch, a national group based in Montana, sued the USFS, arguing that by using a helicopter and making repairs to the lookout, the USFS violated stipulations of the Wilderness Act that prohibit the use of motorized vehicles in designated Wilderness Areas and prohibit new building construction. The National Trust for Historic Preservation has filed an amicus brief in support of the USFS, with the Washington Trust, the Darrington Historical Society, and the Forest Fire Lookout Association serving as co-signatories. If Wilderness Watch is successful in its lawsuit, the USFS may be forced to remove the lookout. It could also set the course for future treatment of historic structures/resources in Wilderness Areas nationwide.

Case 1 of “The Virginia Way of Life Must Be Preserved” Exhibit
filed lawsuit
Image by W&M Libraries
Shown here is an image of Case 1 from the exhibit "The Virginia Way of Life Must Be Preserved", on display in the Nancy Marshall Gallery on the 1st floor of Swem Library at the College of William & Mary. This exhibit is part of "From Fights to Rights: The Long Road to a More Perfect Union," Swem Library’s project to commemorate the 150th anniversary of the Civil War and the 50th anniversary of the Civil Rights Movement. The exhibit is on display from June 18-October 22, 2012.

The following is a transcription of the labels presented in this case:

Brown v. Board of Education, 1954:

The students and parents of Farmville’s Moton High School worked with the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) in suing the school board of Prince Edward County. The NAACP previously had sought to force school boards to make black schools equal to white ones, but in 1950 it had changed its strategy to try to overturn segregation as unconstitutional. It was involved in cases all over the country, not just in Virginia. The Supreme Court bundled four of the cases, including the Farmville case, together into Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka. Thurgood Marshall and other NAACP lawyers argued before the Court that segregation violated the “equal protection” clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. constitution. Based on tests showing that black children preferred white dolls over black dolls, they also argued that mandatory segregation psychologically damaged children of color, making them internalize feelings of racial inferiority.

On May 17, 1954, the Supreme Court ruled in the Brown case that “separate educational facilities are inherently unequal.” Chief Justice Earl Warren, pictured here speaking at William & Mary later that year, worked hard to get a unanimous decision and became the target of white Southerners’ worst venom. In May 1955, in Brown II, the Supreme Court ordered that desegregation proceed “with all deliberate speed” but left supervision of the task to federal district courts.

The photograph of Moton High’s Class of 1956 visibly demonstrates that desegregation did not happen overnight. The school was just as segregated in 1956 as the schools attended by class sponsor Mabel Ragsdale Watson and her sister Laura Ragsdale when they were school girls in Roanoke decades earlier, as seen in Laura’s photo album.

The Gray Commission, 1954-1955:

The Brown decision stunned Virginia’s leaders. At first, they seemed willing to accept the Court’s ruling, but angry newspaper editors and white voters called for resistance. Governor Thomas Stanley then appointed a commission, chaired by State Senator Garland Gray and consisting entirely of white legislators, to determine how to respond. In November 1955, the Gray Commission issued recommendations designed to delay desegregation but allow localities to decide if they would desegregate quickly or not. Among other proposals, the Gray plan recommended giving tuition vouchers so parents could send their children to segregated private schools. The assembly quickly adopted the Gray Commission report in principle. Since the state constitution did not allow public money to be used for private schools, it needed to be amended for tuition vouchers to be possible. A referendum on January 9, 1956 overwhelmingly approved calling a constitutional convention which did just that.

Massive Resistance, 1956-1957:

In response to Brown II, the Arlington County School Board announced in late 1955 that it would gradually integrate. The NAACP helped parents and students file lawsuits to force integration elsewhere in Virginia. Ardent segregationists, fearing that integration anywhere
could lead to integration everywhere, demanded stronger resistance to Brown. Nowhere was resistance greater than among the white population of Southside, the most heavily black region in Virginia. Southside was the heart of the Byrd Organization, the Democratic machine that had run the state since the 1920s under the leadership of U.S. Senator Harry F. Byrd, pictured here with Republican State Senator Ted Dalton. In February 1956, Byrd proposed a program of “massive resistance” to school integration. Byrd supported the Virginia assembly’s resolution of “interposition” that declared the Brown decision unconstitutional and unenforceable, although this had no actual legal effect. More importantly, in September 1956, the assembly passed a program of massive resistance laws, known as the Stanley Plan after the governor. The plan denied state aid to any locality that allowed desegregation of even one school, authorized the governor to close any school that federal courts ordered integrated, and provided tuition grants to help white parents send their children to segregated private schools if their local public school closed.

School Closings, 1959:

The Stanley Plan met with immediate challenges in federal courts, with cases pending through 1957 and into 1958. As the school year began in the fall of 1958, federal judges ordered previously all-white schools in Warren County, Charlottesville, and Norfolk to integrate. Governor J. Lindsay Almond, Jr. shut the schools down rather than allowing them to integrate. In November, Norfolk voters voted against petitioning the governor to reopen the city schools, even though the closing affected 10,000 white students and seventeen black students. On January 19, 1959, the state supreme court ruled that the closings violated the state constitution’s provision requiring there to be public schools and the federal district court ruled that the closings violated the Fourteenth Amendment’s equal protection clause. The courts ordered that the schools be reopened.

Prince Edward County, 1959-1964 and Beyond:

After briefly considering shutting the state’s public schools down entirely, Governor Almond conceded defeat and reluctantly allowed integration to proceed very slowly. The more extreme segregationists denounced Almond as a traitor. The state legislature once again adopted a local-option plan, with tuition grants and a pupil placement program that allowed students to be assigned to schools in ways that minimized “race mixing.” The county government in Prince Edward County, in the heart of Southside, shut down its public school system entirely. Using state tuition grants, many white students attended a new private academy, but other white students and all the students of color were left without formal schooling unless they left the county. The Supreme Court in 1964 ordered Prince Edward to reopen its public schools. At that point, only five percent of African American students statewide attended integrated schools.

In 1968, the Supreme Court invalidated the pupil-placement program and ordered an end to separate white and black school systems in a decision involving New Kent County. And in 1970, a federal judge ordered a busing plan implemented to desegregate Richmond schools. Not until the late 1980s did busing end.

From the Special Collections Research Center, Earl Gregg Swem Library at the College of William and Mary. See swem.wm.edu/scrc/ for further information and assistance.